Things you should definitely know about smoking

What is tobacco?

Tobacco is made from the dried leaves of the tobacco plant. Tobacco smoke is a mixture of almost 4,000 different chemical compounds, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, acetone, ammonia and hydrogen cyanide. Forty-three of these chemicals have been proven to be carcinogenic (causing cancer).

Tobacco is ingested through smoking cigarettes, pipes and cigars. In the form of a fine powder, it may also be sniffed as snuff, or it is sometimes sold in blocks to be chewed. It can also be ingested through passive smoking. Cigarettes account for approximately 98% of tobacco consumed in Australia.


Nicotine is a poison. Swallowing a small amount of pure nicotine can kill an adult. Nicotine is the stimulant drug in tobacco smoke that causes dependency, as it is highly addictive, both physically and mentally. A key brain chemical involved in mediating the desire to consume drugs is the neurotransmitter dopamine, and research has shown that nicotine increases the levels of dopamine in the part of the brain that regulates feelings of pleasure. This is an important reason why nicotine is so addictive.

Many smokers believe smoking calms their nerves. However, smoking releases epinephrine, a hormone that creates physiological stress in the smoker, rather than relaxation. The addictive quality of the nicotine contained in the cigarette makes the user smoke more to calm down, when in fact the smoking itself is causing the agitation.


Tar is released when a cigarette burns. It is the main cause of lung and throat cancer in smokers, and it also aggravates bronchial and respiratory disease. A smoker who smokes one packet a day, inhales more than half a cup of tar from cigarettes each year.

Carbon Monoxide

Carbon monoxide is a colourless, odourless and very toxic gas, which is taken up more readily by the lungs than oxygen. High levels of carbon monoxide in the blood is typical of smokers and, together with nicotine, increases the risk of heart disease, hardening of the arteries and other circulatory problems.

What are the problems associated with tobacco smoking?

Tobacco smoking is the single largest preventable cause of death and illness in Australia, responsible for over 19,000 deaths each year, and many more disabilities. The ill health effects associated with long-term tobacco smoking include lung disease, such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema; heart disease; stroke; cancer of the mouth, larynx, pharynx, oesophagus, lungs, pancreas, cervix, uterus and bladder; peripheral vascular disease due to decreased blood flow to the legs; and reduced fertility in both men and women. One in two long-term smokers die from diseases caused by smoking. Half of these premature deaths occur in middle age, with an average loss of 23 years of life.

In 1998, the National Drug Strategy Household Survey showed that tobacco smoking remained the leading cause of drug-related hospital episodes in Australia, with 142,525 (71%) episodes in 1997–98. The main tobacco-related illnesses requiring hospitalisation were cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and ischaemic heart disease.

What are the benefits of quitting smoking?

Stopping smoking at any age gives immediate benefits for men and women of all ages. Quitting allows the body to repair itself. Some of the immediate benefits of quitting include:

within one week of quitting nicotine and carbon monoxide leave the body’s system, and the lungs begin to work more efficiently.
taste buds come alive and sense of smell improves
breath, hair, fingers, teeth and clothes look and smell cleaner
within a month blood pressure returns to its normal level, and the immune system begins to show signs of recovery
within three months, blood flow to the hands and feet improves
after twelve months the risk of cancer and heart disease is reduced
the incidence and progression of lung disease is reduced
How may quitting smoking affect the body?

A person who is dependent on cigarettes may find that they experience withdrawal symptoms when they cut down or stop smoking cigarettes. The short-term effects of quitting smoking may include:

increased nervousness and tension
psychological symptoms,
such as mood swings and lack of concentration
changes to sleep patterns

Research has shown that the majority of addicted smokers would like to quit smoking. In 1998, the National Drug Household Survey reported that more than one in three (33%) smokers had unsuccessfully attempted to quit smoking, while a similar proportion (32%) had changed to a cigarette brand with a lower tar or nicotine content. Almost one in five (19%) smokers had successfully given up for more than one month during the previous year, while 43% had reduced their daily cigarette consumption.

Quitting smoking requires willpower and may take more than one attempt, as the chemical compounds in tobacco are highly addictive.

By Using Hypnosis--Without Gaining Weight!

You can stop smoking for goWe are successful if our clients become non-smokers. We know smoking cessation and regularly receive referrals from local physiod! Thousands and thousands of people across the country have quit smoking using hypnosis. For one-on-one hypnosis sessions call us today. All of our therapists are experienced with this important and life-changing issue. cians that know that our program is successful.

Here is how it works. You will come in and see a video about hypnosis and then meet with your hypnotherapist. He or she will learn about your smoking habit and discuss how you want to quit. You can stop all at once or taper off.

We require that you make a minimum of two appointments, three to seven days apart. Most people will either stop smoking or cut back to only one or two cigarettes a day after the first session. The next session will usually be ten times more powerful and effective than the first session.

There are a small percentage, about 10 percent that will require more sessions to quit smoking. For that small percentage that need more help, we are there for them, too.

Included in this process is a free stop smoking reinforcement cassette tape. Most clients report that they don't need to use the stop smoking reinforcement tape, but it is there if you want to reinforce your session (say for example you are going to go out and eat with some of your still-smoking friends).

You don't have to gain weight because you quit smoking! Follow our plan and you may even lose weight. Our educative component helps you to replace the smoking habit with good positive behaviors. These good behaviors help you to take advantage of the time you used to spend smoking. If you now smoke 30 cigarettes a day and spend about 5 minutes on each cigarette that equals about 150 minutes, or 2 1/2 hours a day smoking. You need to plan for that time. If you don't, you will tend to gain weight.

We can tell you much more about our program. Call our office for more details. We will be happy to answer your questions or send you some free information. Or you can just e-mail your request. Two out of four of our therapists used hypnosis to quit smoking (the other two never started smoking). We know smoking cessation personally.


Staff: John Petrocelli, Marc Carlin, Michael Hurley, Kevin O'Kane, Bill Lukas, Shauntay Williams


212 964-4450